Can You Pass a Constitution Test?

How well do you know the Constitution of the United States of America and the current ‘administration’? This modern test is based on Mrs. Mildred Niemic’s “Constitution Test” given on May 7, 1954 and taken by Kenny Highnite, found at American Deception, a site recently established by the author of “The Deliberate Dumbing Down of America” (Now available as a free PDF download), Charlotte Thomson Iserbyt. On this Independence Day I encourage you to take an hour of your time to answer as many of the questions as you can. Even if you only read our answers listed at the end, it represents the minimum everyone should know about our government, and the ‘law of the land’–the Constitution of the United States of America.

Constitution Test

This modern test is based on Mrs. Mildred Niemic’s “Constitution Test” given on May 7, 1954 and taken by Kenny Highnite, found at American Deception. To see our answers as of July 4, 2006, click here.

1.-15.
List the cabinet positions and the people who hold these positions at the present time.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

16.-24.
Give the names of the justices of the Supreme Court.

16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.

25.-51.
Tell the provisions of each of the amendments to the Constitution.

25. First Amendment

26. Second Amendment

27. Third Amendment

28. Fourth Amendment

29. Fifth Amendment

30. Sixth Amendment

31. Seventh Amendment

32. Eighth Amendment

33. Ninth Amendment

34. Tenth Amendment

35. Eleventh Amendment

36. Twelfth Amendment

37. Thirteenth Amendment

38. Fourteenth Amendment

39. Fifteenth Amendment

40. Sixteenth Amendment

41. Seventeenth Amendment

42. Eighteenth Amendment

43. Nineteenth Amendment

44. Twentieth Amendment

45. Twenty-First Amendment

46. Twenty-Second Amendment

47. Twenty-Third Amendment

48. Twenty-Fourth Amendment

49. The Twenty-Fifth Amendment

50. Twenty-Sixth Amendment

51. The Twenty-Seventh Amendment

52.-100. General Questions

52. What is the Bill of Rights?

53. Who is the President of the U.S.?

54. Who is the Vice-President of the U.S.?

55. What is an unwritten law?

56. Name two things necessary to any good government.

57. Name the plan of government for the united States of america.

58. What is a constitutional law?

59. What is an unconstitutional law?

60. A law is declared unconstitutional by whom?

61. What is a cabinet and why does a President chooses a cabinet?

62. Who does the Constitution grant all lawmaking powers to?

63.-64. Name the Houses of Congress and thier representation.

65. Why does the Constitution establish two house of Congress?

66. How are the number of representatives from each state determined?

67. Who is the current Speaker of the House?

68. How many Senators represent each State?

69. How long is a senator is elected for?

70. Explain who is the presiding officer of the Senate is.

71. When does the Vice-President has a vote in the Senate? Is he a Senator?

72. Explain what a president pro tempore is.

73. Explain the ‘life’ of each Congress.

74. When does Congress convene in regular session?

75. When can the President call Congress into special session?

76. Who does the Constitution give the power to enforce laws?

77. How long is the President’s term of office?

78. Explain the ‘succession’ if the President dies or is incapacitated.

79. What kind of citizen must one be to become President?

80. How old must a President be?

81. Who administers the oath of office to the President?

82. When does the President take office?

83. Can the President can make treaties?

84. What is the highest law of the land?

85. Can the Supreme Court annul laws?

86. Explain what a quorum in Congress is.

87. Explain what a filibuster is.

88. How many Supreme Court justices are there?

89. Explain a writ of habeas corpus.

90. Explain a bill of attainer.

91. Explain what an ex post facto law is.

92. Explain what a reprieve is.

93. Explain what a pardon is.

94. Who is Constitutionally responsible to regulate inter-state commerce?

95. What is naturalization?

96. What is piracy?

97. Does a dictator consider the welfare of the people?

98. Can a government function without the power to raise money?

99. Do wealth and power alone make a nation happy? Why?

100. What is the preamble to the Constitution? Please write the preamble to the Constitution.

Below are our answers as of July 4, 2006. If you find an error please send us an email!

Constitution Test

This modern test is based on Mrs. Mildred Niemic’s “Constitution Test” given on May 7, 1954 and taken by Kenny Highnite, found at American Deception.

1.-15.
List the cabinet positions and the people who hold these positions at the present time.

1. Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice
2. Secretary of the Treasury, Henry Paulson
3. Secretary of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld
4. Attorney General, Alberto Gonzales
5. Secretary of the Interior, Dirk Kempthorne
6. Secretary of Agriculture, Mike Johanns
7. Secretary of Commerce, Carlos Gutierrez
8. Secretary of Labor, Elaine Chao
9. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, Alphonso Jackson
10. Secretary of Transportation, Norman Mineta
11. Secretary of Energy, Samuel W. Bodman
12. Secretary of Health and Human Services, Mike Leavitt
13. Secretary of Education, Margaret Spellings
14. Secretary of Veterans Affairs, James Nicholson
15. Secretary of Homeland Security, Michael Chertoff

16.-24.
Give the names of the justices of the Supreme Court.

16. John Roberts
17. John Paul Stevens 
18. Antonin Scalia
19. Anthony Kennedy
20. David Souter
21. Clarence Thomas
22. Ruth Bader Ginsburg
23. Stephen Breyer
24. Samuel Alito

25.-51.
Tell the provisions of each of the amendments to the Constitution.

25. First Amendment
The First Amendment prohibits the Congress from making laws that: establish a religion or prohibit the exercise thereof; abridge the freedom of speech or of the press; abridge the right of the people peacably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

26. Second Amendment
The Second Amendment declares “A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the People to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.”

27. Third Amendment
The Third Amendment prohibits the quartering of soldiers in private homes without the owner’s consent in peacetime. It makes quartering legally permissible in wartime only, but only in accordance with law.

28. Fourth Amendment
The Fourth Amendment guards against unreasonable searches and seizures. In addition, “No Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.”

29. Fifth Amendment
The Fifth Amendment imposes restrictions on the government’s prosecution of persons accused of crimes; mandates due process of law and prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy; requires just compensation if private property is taken for public use.

30. Sixth Amendment
The Sixth Amendment states that in all criminal prosecutions the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury, to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, to be confronted with the witnesses against him, to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.

31. Seventh Amendment
The Seventh Amendment serves to ensure that civil litigants are entitled to jury trials, “he right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.”

32. Eighth Amendment
The Eighth Amendment states, “Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.”

33. Ninth Amendment
The Ninth Amendment declares, “The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.”

34. Tenth Amendment
The Tenth Amendment says, “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.”

35. Eleventh Amendment
The Eleventh Amendment prohibits a federal court from hearing actions “against one of the United States by Citizens of another State…” Establishes protection from States in suit in law or equity.

36. Twelfth Amendment
The Twelfth Amendment altered Article II pertaining to presidential elections.

37. Thirteenth Amendment
Thw Thirteenth Amendment establishes the abolishment of slavery, except as a punishment for a crime.

38. Fourteenth Amendment
The Fourteenth Amendment provides a broad definition of national citizenship, overturning a central holding of the Dred Scott case. It requires the states to provide equal protection under the law to all persons (not only to citizens) within their jurisdictions.

39. Fifteenth Amendment
The Fifteenth Amendment guaranteed African American men the right to vote by declaring tat the “right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”

40. Sixteenth Amendment
The Sixteenth Amendment states, “The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.”

41. Seventeenth Amendment
The Seventeenth Amendment) of the United States Constitution amends Article 1 Section 3 of the Constitution to provide for the direct election of Senators by the people of a state rather than their election or appointment by a state legislature.

42. Eighteenth Amendment
The Eighteenth Amendment prohibited “intoxicating liquors”.

43. Nineteenth Amendment
The Nineteenth Amendment grants voting rights regardless of the voter’s sex, specifically granting voting rights to women.

44. Twentieth Amendment
The Twentieth Amendment establishes details of presidential succession and of the beginning and ending of the terms of elected federal officials, in additon to a change in date of Congressional Assembly.

45. Twenty-First Amendment
The Twenty-First Amendment appeals the Eighteenth Amendment, ending the prohibition of “intoxicating liquors”.

46. Twenty-Second Amendment
The Twenty-Second Amendment sets a term limit for the President of the United States, providing that “No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once.”

47. Twenty-Third Amendment
The Twenty-third Amendment permits the District of Columbia to choose Electors for President and Vice President.

48. Twenty-Fourth Amendment
The Twenty-Fourth Amendment prohibits any poll tax in elections for federal officials.

49. The Twenty-Fifth Amendment
The Twenty-Fifth Amendment establishes procedures for when The president of his own volition may turn over the power of his office to the vice president, and The vice president, with the assent of a majority of the leading members of the cabinet, may make himself acting president on a temporary basis.

50. Twenty-Sixth Amendment
The Twenty-Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution grants voting rights to all citizens 18 years or older.

51. The Twenty-Seventh Amendment
The Twenty-Seventh Amendment to the United States Constitution provides that any change in the salary of members of Congress may only take effect after the next general election.

52.-100. General Questions

52. What is the Bill of Rights?
The Bill of Rights consists of the first ten admendments to the U.S. Constitution. These ten amendments, ratified in 1791, were quickly appended to the Constitution to clarify that certain rights are inlienable, and that those rights were, in particular, not to be infringed upon by the government.

53. Who is the President of the U.S.?
The President of the U.S. is George Walker Bush

54. Who is the Vice-President of the U.S.?
The Vice-President of the U.S. is Dick Cheney.

55. What is an unwritten law?
“Unwritten law” is customary behavior or tradition.

56. Name two things necessary to any good government.
Two things necessary to any good government are laws to set standards and a system of checks and balances.

57. Name the plan of government for the united States of america.
The Constitution is the plan for the the government of the united States of america.

58. What is a constitutional law?
A law that falls within the powers given to the government as defined by the Constitution is called “constitutional.”

59. What is an unconstitutional law?
A law that falls outside the powers given to the government as defined by the Constitution is called “unconstitutional.”

60. A law is declared unconstitutional by whom?
The Supreme Court can decide whether a law is unconstitutional.

61. What is a cabinet and why does a President chooses a cabinet?
The Cabinet is a part of the executive branch of the U.S. federal government consisting of the heads of federal executive departments. Article Two of the Constitution provides that the President can require “the opinion, in writing, of the principal officer in each of the executive departments, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices.” In theory the President has a ‘cabinet’ for the purpose of a ‘decision-making aid’–although there is no Constitutional reference to one as such.

62. Who does the Constitution grant all lawmaking powers to?
All lawmaking powers are granted by Section 8 of Article One of the United States Constitution to Congress which states, they “make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers”.

63.-64. Name the Houses of Congress and thier representation.
Congress consists of two ‘houses’, The House of Representatives with 435 members representing 50 States appportioned by population, and The Senate which consists of 100 members with 2 Senators from each State.

65. Why does the Constitution establish two house of Congress?
By dividing different powers between The House of Representatives and The Senate, the Constitution allows for checks and balances on both.

66. How are the number of representatives from each state determined?
Apportionment in the House of Representatives is determined by each State’s population.

67. Who is the current Speaker of the House?
The Speaker of the House is J. Dennis Hastert.

68. How many Senators represent each State?
Two Senators are chosen for each State regardless of population.

69. How long is a senator is elected for?
Senators serve for six-year terms that are staggered so elections are held for approximately one-third of the seats every second year.

70. Explain who is the presiding officer of the Senate is.
The Vice President of the United States is the President of the Senate and serves as its presiding officer.

71. When does the Vice-President has a vote in the Senate? Is he a Senator?
The Vice-President is not a Senator and does not vote except to break ties.

72. Explain what a president pro tempore is.
The President pro tempore of the United States Senate is the second-highest-ranking official of the Senate and the highest-ranking senator.

73. Explain the ‘life’ of each Congress.
A term of Congress is divided into two “sessions,” one for each year of a 2-year term. It is conventional to refer to each Congress by the ordinal number of its term. Thus, the current Congress (whose term lasts from 2005 to 2007) is known as the “109th Congress”

74. When does Congress convene in regular session?
Under the Twentieth Amendment, congressional terms begin at noon on January 3 of every odd-numbered year (creating 2-year terms).

75. When can the President call Congress into special session?
The President may call Congress into special session at any time.

76. Who does the Constitution give the power to enforce laws?
The power to enforce laws is given to the executive branch headed by the chief executive, The President.

77. How long is the President’s term of office?
The President serves a term of office of four years.

78. Explain the ‘succession’ if the President dies or is incapacitated.
If the President dies, he is succeeded by the Vice-President.

79. What kind of citizen must one be to become President?
The president must be a natural-born citizen.

80. How old must a President be?
The president must be be at least 35 years old, and have been a resident of the United States for 14 years.

81. Who administers the oath of office to the President?
The oath of office is administered to the President by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

82. When does the President take office?
Originally on March 4, the twentieth amendment changed the start of the next term to noon on January 20 following the election.

83. Can the President can make treaties?
The President can make treaties, but two-thirds of the Senate must ratify the treaty.

84. What is the highest law of the land?
The highest law of the land is the Constitution.

85. Can the Supreme Court annul laws?
The Supreme Court may annul laws if the law has been deemed ‘unlawful’ or ‘unconstitutional.”

86. Explain what a quorum in Congress is.
In law, a quorum is the minimum number of members of a deliberative body necessary to conduct the business of that group. The Constitution specifies that a majority of members constitutes a quorum to do business in each house.

87. Explain what a filibuster is.
A filibuster is an attempt to extend debate upon a proposal in order to delay or completely prevent a vote on its passage.

88. How many Supreme Court justices are there?
There are 9 Supreme Court justices.

89. Explain a writ of habeas corpus.
In common law, habeas corpus is the name of several writs which may be issued by a judge ordering that a prisoner be brought to the court so it can be determined whether or not the prisoner is being imprisoned lawfully.

90. Explain a bill of attainer.
A bill of attainder (also known as an act or writ of attainder) is an act of legislature declaring a person or group of persons guilty of some crime, and punishing them, without benefit of a trial. The United States Constitution forbids both the federal and state governments from enacting bills of attainder, in Article 1, Sections 9 and 10, respectively.

91. Explain what an ex post facto law is.
An ex post facto law (from the Latin for “from something done afterward”) or retroactive law, is a law that retroactively changes the legal consequences of acts committed or the legal status of facts and relationships that existed prior to the enactment of the law.

92. Explain what a reprieve is.
A reprieve is a warrant granting postponement (usually to postpone the execution of the death sentence).

93. Explain what a pardon is.
Pardons are granted in many countries when individuals may have been wrongly convicted of a crime or have demonstrated that they have fulfilled their debt to society. The executive branch has the power to grant Pardons.

94. Who is Constitutionally responsible to regulate inter-state commerce?
Article I, Section 8, Clause 3 of Constitution, known as the Commerce Clause, empowers the United States Congress “To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes.”

95. What is naturalization?
naturalization is the act whereby a person voluntarily and actively acquires a nationality which is not his or her nationality at birth.

96. What is piracy?
Piracy is crime committed at sea, or sometimes the shore, by an agent without a commission from a sovereign nation.

97. Does a dictator consider the welfare of the people?
A dictator who governs outside the constitutionally normal rule of law with checks and balances does not consider the welfare of the people.

98. Can a government function without the power to raise money?
Without some form of funding a government would be unable to function.

99. Do wealth and power alone make a nation happy? Why?
Wealth and power alone do not make a nation happy. To quote Lord Acton, “Liberty is not a means to a higher political end. It is itself the highest political end…liberty is the only object which benefits all alike, and provokes no sincere opposition…The danger is not that a particular class is unfit to to govern. Every class is unfit to govern…Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely.”

100. What is the preamble to the Constitution? Please write the preamble to the Constitution.
The Preamble to the United States Constitution consists of a single sentence that introduces the document and its purpose. The preamble neither grants any powers nor inhibits any actions. It only explains the rationale behind the U.S. Constitution.

“We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty, to ourselves and Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”

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